India at G20: Here’s all you need to know

What is G20

The G20 (Group of Twenty) is a group of 20 major economies that meet annually to discuss global economic issues and work towards financial stability and sustainable economic growth. The G20 was established in 1999 in response to the financial crisis of the late 1990s. Its members include 19 countries (Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and the European Union.

The G20 is a significant forum for international economic cooperation and plays a key role in shaping global economic policy. It is responsible for a range of activities, including:

  • Promoting global economic growth and development
  • Supporting financial stability and the functioning of the global financial system
  • Enhancing international trade and investment
  • Addressing climate change and promoting sustainable development
  • Supporting the economic development of poorer countries

The G20 meets annually at a summit, which is typically hosted by the country holding the presidency of the organization. The presidency rotates among member countries, with each country holding the presidency for a year. The current G20 presidency is held by India.

What is the role of the President-country in G20?

The presidency of the G20 is a rotating position that is held by one of the member countries for a year. The president is responsible for setting the agenda for G20 meetings and working with other member countries to address key economic challenges and promote international cooperation.

The president is also responsible for leading the preparation and organization of the annual G20 summit, which brings together the leaders of the member countries to discuss global economic issues. The president works with other member countries to develop a communiqué that outlines the key outcomes and agreements reached at the summit.

In addition to its responsibilities related to the G20 summit, the president may also lead other G20 initiatives and working groups throughout the year. For example, the president may convene meetings of G20 finance ministers and central bank governors, or work with other member countries on specific projects or issues.

The presidency of the G20 is an important role that gives the president the opportunity to shape the direction of the organization and to promote its own priorities on the global stage.

India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo take part in the handover ceremony at the G20 Leaders’ Summit, in Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia, November 16, 2022. REUTERS/Willy Kurniawan/Pool

Why G20 is crucial for Indian Diplomacy?

The G20 is an important forum for India for several reasons:

  1. Influence: As a member of the G20, India has a seat at the table with the world’s major economies and can influence the direction of global economic policy.
  2. Economic opportunities: The G20 provides an opportunity for India to engage with other member countries on issues such as trade and investment, which can lead to economic opportunities for Indian businesses and workers.
  3. Networking: The G20 provides a platform for India to build relationships with other member countries and to collaborate on global economic challenges.
  4. Visibility: Being a member of the G20 puts India in the global spotlight and can increase its visibility and reputation on the international stage.
  5. Prestige: Holding the presidency of the G20 is a prestigious honor for any country, and gives India the opportunity to shape the direction of the organization and to promote its own priorities on the global stage.

Overall, the G20 is an important forum for India to engage with other major economies and to promote its economic and foreign policy objectives on the global stage.

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The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Kootneeti Team

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This report has been written by The Kootneeti Team. For any feedbacks/query reach || Twitter: @TheKootneeti

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