Category: IR Terminology

What Are Weapons of Mass Destruction?

Weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) are weapons that are capable of causing widespread destruction and devastation, particularly through the use of nuclear, biological, or chemical agents. WMDs include nuclear weapons, biological weapons, and chemical...

What is Secession in International Relations?

Secession is the process of a region or territory breaking away from a larger state and establishing itself as an independent entity. Secession can be motivated by a variety of factors, including cultural, political,...

What are Sanctions in International Relations?

Sanctions are measures imposed by states or international organizations in order to exert economic or political pressure on a target country or entity. Sanctions can take many forms, including economic sanctions, such as trade...

What are Structural Adjustment Programs (SAP)?

Structural adjustment programs (SAPs) are economic reform programs that are often implemented by countries in response to financial crises or as a condition of receiving aid or debt relief from international financial institutions such...

Understanding Sustainable Development

Sustainable development is a concept that refers to the idea of meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It is a holistic approach...

Superpower in International Relations

A superpower is a country that has the ability to influence events and shape outcomes in global affairs through its economic, military, and political power. Superpowers have a dominant position in the international system...